A Brief Introduction to the History of Hesse (Hessen)

The Hessians entered written history as a German tribe called the Chatti and pronounced „Hatti“. We know of this tribe from Roman sources of late antiquity. From the ninth century B.C. they settled along the rivers Schwalm, Eder and lower Fulda, later pushing along the Lahn River to the Rhine and into the Wetterau region, and up the Fulda River as far as the hills of the Rhön River . Chatti villages have been excavated near Maden, Altenritte, Niederhone, Unterweissenborn, Wetzlar and the Giessen city-owned forest. A fort of sorts, called Altenburg Fort by some today, near Niedenstein was their headquarters, not really a town nor even a village, but a fenced-in area that was a place of refuge which could provide shelter to many thousands of people. Such a structure is referred to by the Latin term READ more…